Skip to content
Home » The Chaldeans In The Bible

The Chaldeans In The Bible

The Chaldeans are mentioned repeatedly in the Bible. They were a powerful people living in Babylonia and Mesopotamia, descendants of one of Noah’s sons, Ham. In Genesis 10:10-12 it says that Chaldea included Ashur as well as Arphaxad and Lud, who later became two separate nations—Assyria and Lydia. Most scholars believe that the Chaldeans meant in Genesis 10 are the ones called Cuthah by Jeremiah the prophet in Jeremiah 51:43.

Churchgists will give you all you ask on who are the biblical Chaldeans today, spiritual meaning of Chaldeans and so much more.

The Chaldeans In The Bible

Who were the Chaldeans according to the Bible? According to the Bible, the Chaldeans were a violent group that captured the Jews as a manifestation of the wrath of God. Their rulers were misguided but still inspired leaders.

The Chaldeans were a tribe of people who lived in Mesopotamia, which today comprises parts of Iraq and Iran. The word “Chaldean” comes from the Akkadian word for “neo-Babylonian,” and they were originally known as the Kassites. They became famous in the Bible for their ability to interpret dreams, which made them powerful figures in ancient times.

The Chaldeans formed an alliance with Assyria and defeated the Babylonians at the Battle of Naram Sin (the first recorded battle in history), which lasted from circa 2255-2218 BCE. They adopted many of their customs from Babylonia, including their language, architecture, art and literature. They also had an advanced system of astronomy and mathematics that was used by many cultures throughout Europe during this period.

The Chaldeans were well known for their diviners (astrologers) who could interpret dreams and predict futures based on celestial events such as eclipses or comets passing across the sky overhead; these predictions were then used as guidance for decisions made by kings and queens at court who wanted advice about whether or not they should go ahead with something important before making it public knowledge.

Spiritual Meaning Of Chaldeans

The Chaldeans were people who lived in southern Babylonia which would be the southern part of Iraq today. Sometimes the term Chaldeans is used to refer to Babylonians in general, but normally it refers to a specific semi-nomadic tribe that lived in the southern part of Babylon. The land of the Chaldeans was the southern portion of Babylon or Mesopotamia. It was generally thought to be an area about 400 miles long and 100 miles wide alongside the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.

The Chaldeans are mentioned multiple times in the Bible in both contexts. For example, Genesis 11:28 speaks of Abraham’s father Terah, who lived in “Ur of the Chaldeans,” home to the specific tribe or people known as the Chaldeans. We know from verses such as Genesis 11:31 and Genesis 15:7 that God called Abraham, a descendant of Shem, out of Ur of the Chaldeans so that Abraham would follow God to the land that God had promised to him and his descendants.

The Chaldeans were an intelligent and sometimes aggressive, warlike people. In 731 BC Ukinzer, a Chaldean, became king of Babylon; however, his reign was short-lived. A few years later Merodach-Baladan, also a Chaldean, became king over Babylon. Then in 626 BC Nabopolassar, another Chaldean, began what would be an extended period of time during which Babylon was ruled by a Chaldean king. During this time the word Chaldean became synonymous for Babylon, and we see many verses in Scripture where the word Chaldean was used to refer to Babylonians in general (Isaiah 13:19; 47:1, 5; 48:14, 20). Successors to Nabopolassar were Nebuchadnezzar, Amel-Marduk, Nabonidus and then Belshazzar, “king of the Chaldeans” (Daniel 5:30).

At the height of the Babylonian Empire, the Chaldeans were an influential and highly educated group of people. Some historians believe that, after Persia conquered Babylon, the term Chaldean was used more often to refer to a social class of highly educated people than to a race of men. The Chaldeans influenced Nebuchadnezzar’s decision to throw Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego into the fiery furnace (Daniel 3:8) and were well known as wise men and astrologers during the time of Jewish captivity in Babylon. (Daniel 1:4; 2:10; 4:7; 5:7, 11). At the time of Daniel, Babylon was the intellectual center of western Asia, and the Chaldeans were renowned for their study and knowledge of astrology and astronomy. They kept detailed astronomical records for over 360 years, which can help us understand how the wise men from the East would have been able to recognize and follow the star that would lead them to the King of the Jews (Matthew 2:2).

Detail of the standard of Ur showing a Sumerian Harpist and a Ruler, about 2600-2400 BC.

spiritual meaning of chaldeans

Chaldea [N] [H] [S]
The southern portion of Babylonia, Lower Mesopotamia, lying chiefly on the right bank of the Euphrates, but commonly used of the whole of the Mesopotamian plain. The Hebrew name is Kasdim, which is usually rendered “Chaldeans” ( Jeremiah 50:10 ; Jeremiah 51:24 Jeremiah 51:35 ).

The country so named is a vast plain formed by the deposits of the Euphrates and the Tigris, extending to about 400 miles along the course of these rivers, and about 100 miles in average breadth. “In former days the vast plains of Babylon were nourished by a complicated system of canals and water-courses, which spread over the surface of the country like a network. The wants of a teeming population were supplied by a rich soil, not less bountiful than that on the banks of the Egyptian Nile. Like islands rising from a golden sea of waving corn stood frequent groves of palm-trees and pleasant gardens, affording to the idler or traveller their grateful and highly-valued shade. Crowds of passengers hurried along the dusty roads to and from the busy city. The land was rich in corn and wine.”

Recent discoveries, more especially in Babylonia, have thrown much light on the history of the Hebrew patriarchs, and have illustrated or confirmed the Biblical narrative in many points. The ancestor of the Hebrew people, Abram, was, we are told, born at “Ur of the Chaldees.” “Chaldees” is a mistranslation of the Hebrew Kasdim , Kasdim being the Old Testament name of the Babylonians, while the Chaldees were a tribe who lived on the shores of the Persian Gulf, and did not become a part of the Babylonian population till the time of Hezekiah. Ur was one of the oldest and most famous of the Babylonian cities. Its site is now called Mugheir, or Mugayyar, on the western bank of the Euphrates, in Southern Babylonia. About a century before the birth of Abram it was ruled by a powerful dynasty of kings. Their conquests extended to Elam on the one side, and to the Lebanon on the other. They were followed by a dynasty of princes whose capital was Babylon, and who seem to have been of South Arabian origin. The founder of the dynasty was Sumu-abi (“Shem is my father”). But soon afterwards Babylonia fell under Elamite dominion. The kings of Babylon were compelled to acknowledge the supremacy of Elam, and a rival kingdom to that of Babylon, and governed by Elamites, sprang up at Larsa, not far from Ur, but on the opposite bank of the river. In the time of Abram the king of Larsa was Eri-Aku, the son of an Elamite prince, and Eri-Aku, as has long been recognized, is the Biblical “Arioch king of Ellasar” ( Genesis 14:1 ). The contemporaneous king of Babylon in the north, in the country termed Shinar in Scripture, was Khammu-rabi. (See BABYLON; ABRAHAM; AMRAPHEL .)

who are the biblical chaldeans today

Chaldeans are Aramaic-speaking, Eastern Rite Catholics. They have a history that spans more than 5,500 years, dating back to Mesopotamia, which was known as the cradle of civilization and is present-day Iraq. Chaldeans are united with the Roman Catholic Church, but have separate Bishops and a Patriarch (Patriarch of Babylon for the Chaldeans) who oversees the Chaldean Catholic Church.

Worldwide, Syria represents the 2nd largest Chaldean/Assyrian/Syriac population with 1.6 million Christians. Many of these are Iraqi expatriates who are reliving the same horrors they fled due to the ongoing unrest in Syria. An estimated 500,000 Chaldeans/Assyrians reside throughout the United States, particularly in Arizona, California and Illinois. The population enjoys steady growth thanks to a constant influx of Christian refugees who have fled Iraq in the face of religious persecution.

Like many ethnic groups, Chaldeans began immigrating to the Metropolitan Detroit-area in the 1920s in search of better economic, religious and political freedom and opportunities. While some were lured by Henry Ford’s famous $5-a-day working wage, in true Chaldean fashion entrepreneurial endeavors quickly took hold—particularly mom and pop food markets. Today, nearly two-thirds of Chaldean households own one business and 39% own two or more. Metro Detroit has the world’s largest population outside of Iraq, with an estimated 160,000 people.

The Chaldean community is driven by its faith and close-knit family ties, with more than 12 Chaldean Catholic Churches in Metro-Detroit. According to a March 2016 DBusiness article, Chaldeans contribute more than $10.7 billion annually to Michigan’s economy. We’re proud of our ongoing growth in the United States and the culture we have rooted here in Michigan.

Join the conversation

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *