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What Does The Color Blue Mean In The Bible

When a rainbow rises in the sky following rain, God is revealing much more to us than a purely natural phenomenon. God gave Noah a glimpse of the rainbow to prepare him for miracles even after the great biblical flood, when the Earth was submerged. The seven hues of the rainbow and their significance have already been covered here.

The spiritual significance of the various colours in the Bible will be explored in this study guide.

What Does The Color Blue Mean In The Bible

The color blue is a symbol of heaven, purity, and royalty, among other things.

In the Bible, the color blue is used to represent heaven, such as when Jesus speaks about his father’s house being “a place where there will be many rooms” (John 14:2). It’s also used to describe the sea, which many people believe is an allegory for God’s grace.

The color blue is also associated with purity in the Bible. In Isaiah 1:18, we’re told that God’s eyes are “like a flame of fire,” and in Revelation 21:1-2, John describes heaven as being “beyond our wildest dreams” (NRSV). Because royalty once used blue to dye their clothing, it can also be a symbol of royalty.

Blue in the Bible: Powerful Symbolism, Meaning and More

Blue: Blue in the Bible represents the heavens and the Word of God. In Exodus, when Moses, his sons, and 70 elders of Israel went up to Mount Sinai to worship God, they saw God and described the pavement under His feet as being bright as the blue sky (Exodus 24:10).

Have you ever wondered, what does the color blue mean in the Bible? Well, in this article, we will dig deep into blue in the Bible. We will explore God’s Word and find the spiritual and symbolic meaning. So, grab your Bible and let’s dig in…

As I have been on this adventure of looking at colors in the Bible. It’s funny to note that many people believe that blue is God’s favorite color. But then there are a select few who disagree and say green is God’s favorite color. I don’t think we will ever know the truth until one day we are in the throne room of heaven and we ask Him.

The color blue is seen throughout scripture, much like red and purple. It is one of the primary colors and it’s interesting to note that in the spectrum of light, blue has the shortest wavelength. It is widely understood that blue represents the heavens, the Holy Spirit, and so much more.

A Look at Blue in the Bible

How Many Times is the Color Blue Mentioned in the Bible?

The color blue (specifically the word) is mentioned 50 times in the Bible and all mentions are found in the Old Testament. This is a breakdown of where blue is mentioned:

  • Exodus (34)
  • Numbers (6)
  • 2 Chronicles (3)
  • Esther (2)
  • Proverbs (1)
  • Jeremiah (1)
  • Ezekiel (3)

Blue Yarn in the Bible

The first reference to the color blue is found in Exodus 25:4.

These are the offerings you are to receive from them: gold, silver and bronze; blue, purple and scarlet yarn and fine linen; goat hair; ram skins dyed red and another type of durable leather; acacia wood; – Exodus 25:3-5 NIV emphasis added

As we continue to look at different verses you will see almost all blue references are connected with some type of fabric, yarn, or clothing. We see it mentioned in the construction of the tabernacle (Exodus 26-27), the priestly garments (Exodus 28), the tzitzit (Numbers 15).

It’s interesting to note that both the Tabernacle of Moses and Solomon’s Temple (2 Chronicles 2:7) both use blue yarn and linen. This blue yarn is accompanied by scarlet (red) and purple yarn. But in Revelation, the great harlot only wears scarlet and purple. Blue is not mentioned, which reveals something about it’s symbolic connection to God. While red represents man (the flesh, blood, and earth) and purple represents royalty.

In the book of Esther, we get a glimpse of how blue clothing was given to those of high position or importance.

When Mordecai left the king’s presence, he was wearing royal garments of blue and white, a large crown of gold and a purple robe of fine linen. – Esther 8:15 NIV

Tekhelet – The Hebrew Word for Blue

The word for blue in Hebrew is tekhelet.

תְּכֵלֶת tᵉkêleth, tek-ay’-leth; probably for H7827; the cerulean mussel, i.e. the color (violet) obtained therefrom or stuff dyed therewith:—blue.

As you can see in the Strong’s Concordance there is that connection with fabric, yarn. Some kind of marine shellfish produced it. Strong’s state’s its from mussels and others believe it came from some kind of sea snail like a murex.

Baruch Sterman, the author of, The Rarest Blue: The Remarkable Story of an Ancient Color Lost to History and Rediscovered mentions this in one of his articles…

Moreover, the ancient scholars write about these dyes in great detail. Pliny and Aristotle
describe the snails, how and where to find them, and the procedure for dyeing with them.
Vitruvius mentions that there is a connection between the varied colors (purple through blue)
obtainable from the snails and differing degrees of sunlight to which they are exposed. “For it
does not yield the same color everywhere but is modified naturally by the course of the sun…
As we proceed between the north and west it becomes a leaden blue.”13 Scholars have
positively identified these shells (purpurae and bucinae in Pliny’s terminology) with the
mollusks Murex trunculus, Murex brandaris, and Thais Haemastoma.

Now, there has been tons of debate on what kind of blue or purple, the tekhelet is. The Biblical Archaeology society lean towards a sky blue for the term tekhelet.

However, important evidence persuasively suggest that Biblical tekhelet was in fact sky-blue. Assyriologist Wayne Horowitz explains that the Sumerian word uqnu, the word for the gem lapis lazuli, was used for the color blue and its shades. The term was applied to the sky and to blue wool (uqnatu). When the foreign word takiltu, Hebrew tekhelet, was adopted into Akkadian, the same cuneiform signs as uqnatu were used.

To the ancient Mesopotamians, therefore, the color of lapis lazuli and the sky were equivalent to the color of tekhelet. So what was the color of Biblical tekhelet? The Jerusalem-based Ptil Tekhelet Foundation believes it was sky-blue derived from the murex dye. For over 25 years, this foundation has produced hundreds of thousands of blue tzitzit strings colored with murex dye. The blue tzitzit on Jewish prayer shawls remind worshipers of the sea, the sky and God’s holy throne.

Biblical Meaning of Colors In The Rainbow

Like other color, example: green gets it’s symbolic meaning from trees and plants or yellow from gold and fire. The same is with the color blue when it comes to water and the sky. We also see a connection with sapphires and other blue gems.

The Heavens/God’s ThroneExodus 24:10, Ezekiel 10:1, Ezekiel 1:26
Life – WaterJohn 4:13-14, Revelation 21:6
Healing (The Tallit and Tzitzit) and CleansingMatthew 9:21
Prayer ( the Tallit and Tzitzit)Numbers 15:38, Deuteronomy 22:12
Royalty/High Position/WealthEsther 8:15, Esther 1:6, Ezekiel 23:6,
The Lord’s CommandmentsNumbers 15:38-40


Sapphires, Turquoise, and Lapis Lazuli

Some mentions of the color blue in the Bible, don’t actually say the word blue. A perfect example of this is when scripture uses gemstones. We see in Exodus 24:10 that when Moses, Aaron (and his two sons), and the seventy elders noticed the flooring (pavement), which was under God’s feet,. Some translations say sapphire and others say lapis lazuli. Both of these stones only come in blue.

Then Moses, Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel went up [the mountainside], 10 and they saw [a manifestation of] the God of Israel; and under His feet there appeared to be a pavement of sapphire, just as clear as the sky itself. 11 Yet He did not stretch out His hand against the nobles of the Israelites, and they saw [the manifestation of the presence of] God, and ate and drank. Exodus 24:9-11 AMP

According to Ezekiel 10, we see that God’s throne looked like a large sapphire stone and in Revelation 21:19, sapphire is one of the stones in the foundation of the New Jerusalem. So, we get this amazing connection between blue and the heaven’s, God’s throne, and His presence!

The breastplate of the high priest also used stones of turquoise and lapis lazuli/sapphire. The turquoise represented the tribe if Benjamin and lapis lazuli represented the tribe of Issachar. And in Ezekiel 28:13, a sapphire was used as one of the gemstones to adorn Lucifer.

Blue in Church History

Since the color blue played such a big part in the Bible. It comes to no surprise that it also a strong symbol in church history. Have you ever noticed in nativity scenes and paintings that Mary has some form of blue in her outfit? This is because in 431 AD the Catholic Church decided to give out colors to certain saints. The Virgin Mary was granted the color blue. Thus historically blue has been symbolic of purity and innocence.

Blue dye wasn’t the only thing that was super expensive, but so was blue pigment for paint. During the European Renaissance, they would take the stone Lapis lazuil to make ultramarine. It was considered the most expensive of all the pigments and worth more than gold.

So, from antiquity to medieval times, the color blue was revered for centuries. It was a color that pointed to the heavens and ultimately to God.