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Apparel In The Bible

Apparel, clothing, and attire are essential aspects of human culture and identity. In the Bible, clothing holds a multifaceted significance, representing more than just mere coverings for the body. This blog post will explore the symbolism, modesty, and spiritual reflection associated with apparel in the Bible.

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Apparel in the Bible: Symbolism, Modesty, and Spiritual Reflection

Clothing as a Symbol of Identity and Status:

In the Bible, apparel often symbolizes one’s identity, status, and role within society. Notable examples include:

  1. High Priest’s Vestments: The high priest’s attire, described in Exodus 28, was a symbol of his sacred role as an intercessor between the people and God. Each element of his clothing, from the ephod to the breastplate, had specific significance.
  2. Royal Robes: Kings and rulers often wore robes and garments that signified their authority. The richly ornamented clothing of King Solomon (1 Kings 10:1-2) is a testament to his majestic status.
  3. Prophet’s Mantle: The mantle worn by prophets like Elijah and Elisha symbolized their divine calling and authority. Elisha’s request for a double portion of Elijah’s spirit, along with his receipt of Elijah’s mantle, illustrates this in 2 Kings 2.

Modesty and Adornment:

The Bible also emphasizes the importance of modesty and spiritual adornment. This is evident in passages like:

  1. 1 Timothy 2:9-10: “I also want the women to dress modestly, with decency and propriety, adorning themselves, not with elaborate hairstyles or gold or pearls or expensive clothes, but with good deeds, appropriate for women who profess to worship God.”
  2. 1 Peter 3:3-4: “Your beauty should not come from outward adornment, such as elaborate hairstyles and the wearing of gold jewelry or fine clothes. Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight.”

These passages remind believers that true beauty and adornment come from a godly character and a heart devoted to God.

Clothing and the Parables of Jesus

Jesus often used clothing and attire in his parables to convey spiritual truths. For instance:

  1. The Parable of the Wedding Banquet (Matthew 22:1-14): In this parable, a guest is thrown out for not wearing the appropriate wedding attire. This story underscores the importance of spiritual readiness and preparedness for God’s kingdom.
  2. The Parable of the Prodigal Son (Luke 15:11-32): When the prodigal son returns home, his father welcomes him with a robe and sandals, symbolizing his restored status as a beloved son. This parable illustrates the concept of God’s grace and forgiveness.

The Armor of God

Ephesians 6:10-18 introduces the concept of the “armor of God,” likening various spiritual attributes to pieces of armor. The believer is encouraged to put on the “full armor of God,” which includes the belt of truth, breastplate of righteousness, shoes of the gospel of peace, shield of faith, helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit (the Word of God).

In Hebrew Scriptures times the differentiation among male and female clothing was not exceptionally stamped. The resolution precluding men to wear female attire ( Deuteronomy 22:5 ) alluded particularly to trimmings and hoods. All kinds of people wore (1) an under piece of clothing or tunic, which was limited by a support. One who had just this tunic on was discussed as “stripped” ( 1 Samuel 19:24 ; Occupation 24:10 ; Isaiah 20:2 ). Those in high stations some of the time wore two tunics, the external being known as the “upper piece of clothing” ( 1 Samuel 15:27 ; 18:4 ; 24:5 ; Occupation 1:20 ).

They wore in like manner an over-piece of clothing (“mantle,” Isaiah 3:22 ; 1 Rulers 19:13 ; 2 Lords 2:13 ), a free and streaming robe. The folds of this upper piece of clothing could be shaped into a lap ( Ruth 3:15 ; Hymns 79:12 ; Sayings 17:23 ; Luke 6:38 ). Commanders of armed forces generally wore red robes ( Judges 8:26 ; Nahum 2:3 ). A type of prominent garment is referenced in Luke 20:46 ; Look at Matthew 23:5 .
Ministers alone wore pants. All kinds of people wore turbans. Rulers and aristocrats typically had a store of expensive pieces of clothing for happy events ( Isaiah 3:22 ; Zechariah 3:4 ) and for presents ( Beginning 45:22 ; Esther 4:4 ; Esther 6:8 Esther 6:11 ; 1 Samuel 18:4 ; 2 Lords 5:5 ; 10:22 ). Prophets and religious zealots wore coarse articles of clothing ( Isaiah 20:2 ; Zechariah 13:4 ; Matthew 3:4 ).


Apparel in the Bible carries significant spiritual and cultural symbolism. From the high priest’s sacred vestments to the spiritual adornment of modesty, clothing is a powerful metaphor for conveying deeper truths. The Bible reminds us that our outward appearance can reflect our inner character and devotion to God, and that we should “clothe” ourselves with virtues that honor Him.

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