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Summary of Moses in the Bible

In the Bible, Moses plays a significant role. He was raised in Pharaoh’s court as a child after being born to an Egyptian princess. At the age of forty, he shot and murdered an Egyptian guard who was abusing a Hebrew slave. He was banished from Egypt and forced to spend 40 years in Midian until God brought him back to free the Israelites from slavery. After years of waiting on God’s instructions, Moses finally freed the Israelites from slavery. Moses is a prophet in the Bible who frees his people from Egypt and guides them to the land of promise. The first five books of the Bible are attributed to him as well (Genesis through Deuteronomy). His life has become legendary in Judaism, and his impact has been felt all the way through the ages. highlighted herein are summary of moses and the exodus

When Moses’ mother learned that Pharaoh planned to slaughter all male infants in Egypt, she hid him away. After being exposed, he was thrown into a basket and thrown into the Nile, where an Egyptian princess called Bithiah would eventually come to his rescue. After spending his formative years with her family, he eventually murdered a guy who was assaulting a coworker and ran off to join his biological father in the desert. After Moses and his family escaped Egypt, Moses’ father adopted him, and Moses remained with this family until he was eighty years old (according to some stories). specified herein are characteristics of moses in the bible

Moses was an adult when God told him to return to Egypt and rescue his people from Pharaoh Ramses II’s oppression. God gave Moses 10 rules to pass on to his people: don’t worship false gods, don’t murder people, don’t commit adultery, don’t steal, don’t lie, don’t desire other people’s stuff (even their slaves), respect your elders, don’t break the Sabbath, and don’t stop doing good (see Mt 5:13-16).

Summary of Moses in the Bible


Moses is one of the key figures and prophets in the history of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Moses first appears in the Jewish Hebrew Bible as the first significant prophet of the Jewish god Yahweh and leader of Yahweh’s people. The Hebrew Bible was adapted by Christians into the Christian Old Testament, so Moses becomes an important figure in Christianity later. However, Moses’ origins are Jewish, so to best understand the context of Moses’ story, the Hebrew Bible is the best place to start. The Torah, the first five books of the Hebrew Bible, tell the story of Moses’ birth, being raised by Egyptians, leading the Israelites out of slavery, and establishing the first laws and structure for the Israelite religion and society.
The Story of Moses in the Bible
The story of Moses, in summary, tells the story of a Jewish boy who is born into slavery but ends up leading the Israelites out of their slavery in Egypt and onward to their new homeland. Moses’ story begins in the Book of Exodus, which finds the Israelites enslaved in Egypt by a new pharaoh after they had gone to Egypt to escape famine during Joseph’s story in the Book of Genesis. His story ends in the Book of Deuteronomy, the last book of the Torah, with his death.

Childhood
Moses was born to Israelite parents, Amram and Jochebed, who were slaves in Egypt. Both of his parents were Levite, meaning they were part of the tribe of Levi, the tribe later known as the tribe of the priesthood. At the time of Moses’ birth, the number of Israelites in Egypt had grown immensely, and the Pharaoh was concerned they would come to overpower the Egyptians. Since the men tended to be stronger than the women, he ordered all male infants to be drowned in the Nile River in order to avoid an uprising. When Moses was born, his mother-not wanting him to be killed-placed him in a basket and set him out onto the river.

The Pharaoh’s daughter eventually heard Moses crying in the basket, so she had her maid draw him out of the water. She hired an Israelite woman, who ended up being Moses’ own mother, to nurse him, but the Pharaoh’s daughter raised him as her own son.

The Finding of Moses by Hendrik de Clerck

Painting of the Finding of Moses with the daughter of Pharaoh finding Moses in a basket
Midian
Moses grew up in the Egyptian court, but the text does not give any details about Moses’ childhood after his birth. When he was older, he realized how terribly his fellow Israelites were treated by the Egyptians. When he saw an Egyptian slaver beating one of the Israelites, he killed the Egyptian and hid his body. To avoid repercussions from the Pharaoh, Moses fled Egypt and went to Midian, a land east of Egypt on the northeastern banks of the Red Sea. In Midian, Moses met his soon-to-be wife Zipporah, whose father let Moses stay with them in exchange for working as a shepherd. Moses and Zipporah had two sons: Gershom and Eliezer.

During Moses’ time in Midian, he encountered Yahweh in the form of a burning bush on Mount Horeb. Yahweh frequently appeared in pillars of fire in the Torah, and this story is no different. In the story, Yahweh appeared in a bush that was on fire but never burned up. This story functioned as Moses’ prophetic call, and Yahweh told him he would lead the Israelites out of slavery. On the way back to Egypt with his family, Moses’ brother Aaron, who later became the first Israelite priest, met them. According to the Book of Exodus, Moses exiled himself in Midian for 40 years before returning to Egypt.

Exodus
Upon his return to Egypt, Moses went to the Pharaoh to tell him to let the Israelites go, as Yahweh had commanded. However, Yahweh would “harden Pharaoh’s heart” so he could not release them (Exodus 7:3, NRSV), seemingly as a way to demonstrate Yahweh’s power. Because of this, there were ten plagues sent to Egypt sequentially in an effort to convince the Pharaoh to release the Israelites. The plagues included events such as the Nile River turning to blood, the killing all of the Egyptians’ livestock, and the appearance of locusts that devoured Egyptian plants. The final plague was the killing of all firstborn sons. The Israelites protected themselves from this by spreading lamb’s blood on their doorways to ensure they were passed over; lamb’s blood was known as a symbol of sacrifice and acted as a marker to let the Angel of Death know not to stop there. The Pharaoh’s son was killed during this plague, so he finally decided to release the Israelites.

However, as they left, the Pharaoh changed his mind and decided to pursue them. The Pharaoh brought his army of chariots to pursue the Israelites as they walked on foot through the wilderness, already starting to regret leaving Egypt. When they reached the Red Sea, Yahweh commanded Moses to reach his hand over the waters to part the sea so the Israelites could walk through, then release the waters to drown the Egyptians who were pursuing them. This event was referred to as the Exodus, literally meaning the “exit,” from Egypt.

Summary Of Moses And The Exodus

Moses was tasked with leading the Israelites to the “Promised Land” Yahweh had promised them: the land of Israel. For decades, the Israelites journeyed toward Israel and encountered many hardships, which Moses, enabled by Yahweh, remedied with miracles like getting water from a rock and providing bread from heaven. During their journey, they stopped at Mount Sinai, a mountain located on the southern Sinai Peninsula. At Mount Sinai, Moses:

Received the Ten Commandments, or decalogue, with laws Yahweh had given the Israelites
Established a covenant, which is a promise or contract, with Yahweh
Punished the Israelites for making a golden calf while they were waiting for Moses to descend from the mountain
Established the priesthood, the group of Israelite religious leaders, through Aaron’s lineage
Built the Tabernacle, the moveable tent that housed the Ark of the Covenant and the presence of Yahweh.
After leaving Mount Sinai, the Israelites continued their grueling journey towards Israel. Along the way, the Israelites were continually upset by the lack of food and water and the difficulties they faced. Yahweh told Moses to speak to a rock for water to flow from it, but instead, Moses disobeyed and struck the rock twice in frustration. Though water still flowed from the rock, Moses was told he would no longer be allowed to take the Israelites into Israel. While Moses later gets to see Israel from a mountain, he passes leadership of the group to Joshua. The Book of Deuteronomy functions as Moses’ farewell address before he dies at the age of 120.

Mount Sinai in Modern-Day Egypt

Picture of Mount Sinai in Egypt
Moses in Ancient World History
While Moses plays a significant role in the Hebrew Bible and in several world religions, scholars do not know anything about him as a historical person. Most scholars believe that Moses was a legendary figure in the Hebrew Bible and not a real person at all, or at least not a real person who did all of the things recorded in the Torah. If he was a real person, scholars estimate that he probably lived in the 13th or 12th centuries BCE. However, it is impossible to date this with any certainty because the Book of Exodus does not name the Egyptian pharaoh and because the first direct correlation between the Hebrew Bible and extra-biblical sources does not occur until the 10th century BCE. Traditionally, Moses is credited as the author of the Torah. However, this is not usually considered accurate by most biblical scholars, including those who think Moses was a real person, because of:

Inconsistencies in the texts,
Stylistic differences throughout the texts,
And things Moses could not have known or written about (like his own death).
Moses in Judaism
Regardless of his historicity, Moses is a crucial figure in Judaism. Moses is one of the most important figures in the religious tradition because, according to the tradition, he received and wrote down the first of many of the laws the Jews live by. Moses was also the individual who led the Israelites out of slavery, which is celebrated every year during Passover, a commemoration of the Israelites’ escape from slavery and the successful protection from the lamb’s blood offered during the tenth plague of Egypt. While Abraham is credited as the first Israelite patriarch, Moses is the prophet who made Judaism a religious tradition.

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Frequently Asked Questions
What is Moses known for?
Moses is known primarily for being a prophet of Yahweh. In the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament, Moses encounters Yahweh in a burning bush, which leads him to help the Israelites escape from slavery in Egypt. Moses then receives the Ten Commandments from Yahweh, which establish the basis for Jewish law.

Where is the story of Moses in the Bible?


The story of Moses appears in the books of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy in the Bible. Exodus contains most of Moses’ early story, including his childhood and leading the Israelites out of slavery, while Deuteronomy functions as his farewell address to the Israelites.

Who was Moses and what did he do?
Moses was the son of Amram and Jochebed, both Israelites from the tribe of Levi, and was raised in the Egyptian court by the Pharaoh’s daughter so that he would not be killed by the Pharaoh’s men like the rest of the Israelite male infants. The Hebrew Bible/Christian Old Testament credits Moses with leading the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt, receiving the Ten Commandments from Yahweh, and taking the Israelites towards the “Promised Land.”

What does the Bible say about Moses?


In the Hebrew Bible/Christian Old Testament, Moses is portrayed as a prophet who receives the Ten Commandments from Yahweh/God. Earlier in his story, he is responsible for leading the Israelites out of slavery and parting the Red Sea to let them escape from the Egyptians.

Characteristics Of Moses In The Bible

The following are some of the characteristics of Moses in the Bible:

-He was born in Egypt

-He had a brother named Aaron and a sister named Miriam

-Moses was full of life and energy, which made him unpopular with his peers

-Moses was not afraid to speak up when he thought something was wrong, and he would often challenge authority

Moses was born a Hebrew and was raised by Pharaoh’s daughter. He killed an Egyptian who was beating a Hebrew slave, and fled Egypt after the murder. He encountered the burning bush, which told him to lead the Israelites out of Egypt. He led them across the Red Sea, where they were saved from their pursuers. After this, he received instructions on how to construct a tabernacle and its furnishings, including the Ark of the Covenant, which contained God’s presence on earth.

Moses had several encounters with God during his life. In one instance, he received instructions from God to build an altar in order to receive further instructions from Him; Moses followed these directions to build an altar and then received further instructions from God directly after doing so (Exodus 20:18-21).

After this first encounter with God at Mount Sinai, Moses went back down into Egypt and convinced Pharaoh to let his people go: “Let my people go!” (Exodus 5:1). This request was met with resistance by Pharaoh until seven plagues were brought upon Egypt; then Pharaoh agreed to let them go and even helped them prepare for their exodus out of Egypt by supplying them with food for

Moses was the leader of the Israelites and the only human being to have been allowed to speak with God face-to-face.

He was born in Egypt, where he was raised by his mother, Jochebed. He grew up to become a great leader, but he also had a hard time accepting his role as leader because of his humility. This was shown when Moses disobeyed God’s commandment not to look at him directly when he was on Mount Sinai receiving the Ten Commandments (Exodus 19:20).

Moses married Zipporah, who had two sons by him. Jethro, Zipporah’s father and an Egyptian priest, adopted Moses and took care of him after his mother died.

Moses is one of the most well-known figures in the bible. His story is told in the Book of Exodus, and he plays a pivotal role in leading his people out of slavery in Egypt and into freedom. He is known for his courage, compassion, and unwavering faith in God.

Moses was born to an Egyptian princess named Jochebed and her husband Amram, who were Hebrew slaves at the time. He grew up with his sister Miriam and brother Aaron, who would later become leaders of the Israelite people alongside him. When Moses was 40 years old, he killed an Egyptian taskmaster who had been beating a fellow Hebrew slave named Zipporah—his wife—and fled Egypt with her family.

After spending 40 years as an exile in Midian (modern-day Saudi Arabia), Moses received instructions from God telling him to return to Egypt with a group of elders and demand that Pharaoh let all the Hebrews leave Egypt. Despite Pharaoh’s initial refusal and threats against the Israelites’ lives, God miraculously parted the Red Sea so they could cross safely while drowning Pharaoh’s army behind them!

Moses then led God’s people toward Mount Sinai (in modern-day

Moses was a prophet, lawgiver, and leader in ancient Egypt. He is known for leading the children of Israel out of slavery from Egypt under the command of God. His life is recorded in the Bible and other religious texts.

Moses was born to Amram and Jochebed in Egypt (Genesis 5:22). The Bible does not say much about his early life, but it does give some details about his birth. His mother hid him for three months after he was born because Pharaoh ordered all male Hebrew babies to be killed (Exodus 2:2-3). After Moses’ sister Miriam had a baby girl named Elisheba, she showed Moses’ father Amram how to care for a baby. Amram then told his wife Jochebed that she should take their son Moses out of Egypt and raise him as one of Pharaoh’s own people (Exodus 2:1-10).

Moses married Zipporah and they had two sons: Gershom (born while they were still slaves in Egypt) and Eliezer (born after they left Egypt). After Moses killed an Egyptian taskmaster who was beating an Israelite slave, he fled to Midian where he met Jethro’s daughters. After marrying one

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