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What is The Difference Between Catholic and Protestant

If you don’t know the difference between catholic and protestant or the difference between catholic and christian. They both worship the same God, but the principles of their faith are different. Five hundred years after the Reformation, there are still painful divisions between Protestants and Catholics.

The difference between Catholic and Protestant is that Catholics believe that the Pope is the highest authority on earth, while Protestants believe that they are all equal in God’s eyes. Catholics also believe in transubstantiation, where they say that when the priest says mass, he’s actually saying the words of Christ. Protestants, on the other hand, think that the words he says are his own and not God’s.

The differences between the Catholic Church and the Protestant Church are significant. The Catholic Church, which began in the early centuries of Christianity, is an institution that has survived for thousands of years. It contains a vast collection of traditions, rituals, and beliefs that distinguish it from other Christian religions.

The Protestant Church was founded in the 1500s by Martin Luther and John Calvin as a response to what they viewed as corruption within the Catholic Church. These reformers believed that there were many practices within Catholicism that violated scripture and were therefore not acceptable or justifiable by any means.

Protestants also believed that salvation was earned through faith alone rather than through good works or merit. They felt they could not earn God’s favor through ritualistic practices like baptism or confession; instead, they had to rely on God’s mercy alone if they wanted eternal life in heaven after death.

Difference Between Catholic and Protestant

The differences between Catholicism and Protestantism are many and varied. The two traditions have different interpretations of the Bible, different views on salvation, and different practices related to worship.

Catholics believe that the Church as an institution is necessary for salvation, whereas Protestants believe that individuals can find salvation through their own personal relationship with God. Catholics tend to emphasize the importance of works in seeking salvation, while Protestants tend to put more emphasis on faith alone.

Catholics worship in a liturgical style, while Protestants tend to worship in an evangelistic style. Catholics place a high value on sacraments like baptism and communion, while Protestants consider these sacraments as important but not necessary for salvation.

Catholics believe that priests have a special role within the church as mediators between God and man; Protestants do not recognize such an office or function within their churches.

Here are the eight main differences:

1. The pope

Protestants are not open at all to papal primacy. According to the Evangelical view, this dogma contradicts statements in the Bible.

Catholics see in the pope the successor of the Apostle Peter, the first head of their Church, who was appointed by Jesus. The papal office is justified by an allegedly unbroken chain of consecrations, ranging from the first century to the present.

2. Understanding of the Bible

Catholicism and Protestantism have distinct views on the meaning and the authority of the Bible. For Protestant Christians, Luther made clear that the Bible is the “Sola Skriptura,” God’s only book, in which He provided His revelations to the people and which allows them to enter in communion with Him.

Catholics, on the other hand, do not base their beliefs on the Bible alone. Along with the Holy Scripture, they are additionally bound by the traditions of the Roman Catholic Church.

3. Understanding of the office

This continuous chain, known as the apostolic succession, is overall significant for different spiritual offices in the Catholic Church. With the Sacrament of Holy Orders, bishops, priests and deacons receive a lifelong seal of God giving them sacramental authority over Catholic laypeople. This consecration can only be given to men.

Protestants do not consecrate specific persons into office, but rather accept the principle that priesthood can be transferred to every believer — even to women.

4. Understanding the church

Catholics and Protestants have a different view on the nature of the church. The word “catholic” means “all-embracing,” and the Catholic Church sees itself as the only true church worldwide, under the leadership of the pope.

In contrast, the Protestant Churches which have emerged from Reformation, also called “Evangelical,” which means “according to the Gospel,” do not make up one united Church. There are rather several tens of thousands of different denominations around the world. Officially, all of these many churches are considered equal.

Even if many Protestants like Pope Francis, they categorically reject papacy

5. Celibacy

All main world religions integrate in some way the concept of celibacy, the vow of abstaining from marriage and sexual relations, and the Catholic and Protestant churches are no exception. In the Catholic Church, celibacy is obligatory for priests. It is seen as a symbol of the undivided succession of Christ.

The Protestant Church rejects this obligation for priests. Martin Luther already demanded its abolition as early as 1520. He made a decisive personal contribution to this end in 1525: The former monk married the former nun Katharina von Bora. Initially unsure of whether he should marry, Luther finally determined that “his marriage would please his father, rile the pope, cause the angels to laugh, and the devils to weep.”

6. Eucharist or Lord’s Supper

The Catholics’ views on the spiritual office are reflected in the Eucharist, or Holy Communion, a rite commemorating the Last Supper of Jesus with his disciples before his crucifixion. Once consecrated by a priest in the name of Jesus, bread and wine become the body and blood of Christ. Non-Catholics may not participate in Communion.
In the Protest Church, every baptized person is invited to share and is allowed to lead the Lord’s Supper. This approach is not accepted by Catholics.

Additionally, Eucharist has a different meaning for Catholics and Protestants. The bread, known as the Host, embodies Jesus and can therefore be prayed to. For Protestants, the ritual only serves to commemorate Jesus’ death and resurrection.

For Catholics, the Host represents bread that is consecrated to represent Jesus’ body

7. Sacraments

In the Roman Catholic Church, there are seven solemn rites, called sacraments: baptism, confirmation, the Eucharist, matrimony, penance, holy orders and extreme unction. The church believes these sacraments were instituted by Jesus and that they confer God’s grace.

Most Protestant churches only practice two of these sacraments: baptism and the Eucharist (called Lord’s Supper). They are perceived as symbolic rituals through which God delivers the Gospel. They are accepted through faith.

7. Marian dogmas and the worship of Saints

The Roman Catholic Church reveres Mary, the mother of Jesus, as “Queen of Heaven.” However, there are few biblical references to support the Catholic Marian dogmas — which include the Immaculate Conception, her perpetual virginity and her Assumption into heaven. This is why they are rejected by Protestants.

Though Protestants believe Mary was the mother of Jesus, unlike Catholics, they do not venerate her

The Catholic Church also practices the veneration of saints. Dead models of faith, recognized as “saint” by the church through canonization, can be prayed to for help in maintaining faith in God. There are over 4,000 saints. Their remains are considered holy relics which are venerated.

This veneration is also categorically by the Protestant Church as unbiblical. According to Reformation views, every person may and should pray directly to God.

Biggest Difference Between Catholic and Christian

Catholicism and Protestantism are two denominations of Christianity, just like Shia and Sunni are sects of Islam. While the Pope is the head of the Catholic Church, Protestantism is a general term that refers to Christianity that is not subject to papal authority.

The difference between Catholic and Protestant is that the Catholic Church is one of the largest Christian churches in the world, with 1.3 billion members worldwide. It has existed for nearly 2,000 years and claims to be the original Christian church.

The biggest difference between Catholic and Christian is that Catholic is the universal church, while Christian refers only to a specific demographic of people.

In general, the word “Christian” refers to all people who believe in Jesus Christ as their savior. It’s a religious term used by members of many faiths, including Catholics. However, there is also a specific branch of Christianity called “Catholicism.” This branch originated with the Roman Empire and has since expanded across Europe and into other areas as well.

The difference between Catholicism and Christianity comes down to their approach to spirituality: Catholicism is more organized than Christianity, with a Pope at its head who makes decisions on behalf of all Catholics around the world. In contrast, Christians have no central authority figure or hierarchy; each individual makes his own decisions about how he will practice his faith and which doctrine he will follow.

The biggest difference between Catholic and Christian is that Catholics believe that the Pope is the head of their church, whereas Christians believe that Jesus Christ is their savior.

The second biggest difference is that Catholics also believe in angels and saints, whereas this is not true for most Christians.

The third biggest difference is that Catholics celebrate Christmas on December 25th every year, whereas Christians celebrate it on December 25th every four years (or so).

What is the difference between catholic and protestant

Catholicism is a religion that has been around for thousands of years. It emerged as a result of the teachings of Jesus Christ, who was accepted by many people as the son of God.

Protestants, on the other hand, are people who disagree with some of the practices of Catholicism and have decided to follow their own path. They believe that every person must follow their own path in order to find God, and that this is better than being forced into following someone else’s way.

According to Diffen.com the table below explain the Difference Between Catholic and Protestant.

CatholicProtestant
Place of worshipChurch, chapel, cathedralChurch, chapel, cathedral
Use of statues and picturesPermitted as means of inspirationNot used
Place of originPalestine & Rome; Roman EmpirePalestine & Rome, with a schism originating in Germany
Birth of JesusVirgin BirthVirgin Birth
Death of JesusDeath by CrucifixionDeath by Crucifixion
Second coming of JesusAffirmedAffirmed
FounderJesus Christ, followed by Peter as the first Pope, then all Popes following Peter.Jesus Christ, followed by Peter, Paul, and other disciples of Jesus. Position of The Pope denied, and eventually split off of The Catholic church to attempt to re-establish the original church.
ScripturesHoly Bible, a collection of canonical books in two parts (the Old Testament and the New Testament). Usually Douay-Rheims or Knox Version.Holy Bible, a collection of canonical books in two parts (the Old Testament and the New Testament). Usually King James Version.
Literal Meaningcatholic – from the Greek adjective καθολικός (katholikos), meaning “universal”Protestant – to ‘protest’
Concept of DeityBelieve in the Trinity of God. Three persons in one God: Father, Son and Holy SpiritBelieve in the Trinity of God. Three persons in one God: Father, Son and Holy Spirit
ClergyThe Pope, followed by Cardinals, Archbishops, Bishops, and Priests, Monks and Deacons. Women can be nuns.Each church independent, headed by Pastors, Elders, and Deacons.
PracticesAll Catholics are expected to participate in the liturgical life of the Church, but personal prayer and devotions are entirely a matter of personal preference.Regularly study the Bible, pray, and commune with other believers on Sunday (or other day of worship)
Resurrection of JesusAffirmedAffirmed
Authority of PopeAffirmedDenied.
AboutCatholics follow the teachings of Jesus Christ as transmitted through the Old & New Testament via Rome and the Vatican and follow the Catechism. Catholics believe that the Catholic Church is the original and first Christian Church.Protestants follow the teachings of Jesus Christ as transmitted through the Old & New Testament. Protestants believe that the Catholic Church stemmed from the original Christian Church, but became corrupt. Men can not add or take away from scripture.
Belief of GodMonotheistic; God is the omnipotent, loving creator of the Universe. Believe that God has revealed himself as the Trinity. Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.Protestants believe that there is only one God and that be has revealed himself as the Trinity.
Day of worshipSunday. Personal Sacrifice during Lent.Traditionally Sunday, but other days accepted if treated with same level of focus on worship.
Life after deathEternal Salvation in Heaven; Eternal Damnation in Hell; Temporal third state before Heaven, known as Purgatory.There is no purgatory. Those that trust in Jesus as savior go to paradise, those that trust in their own works for salvation go to hell. In the end times, these groups are let into heaven and the lake of fire, respectively.
Identity of JesusThe Son is consubstantial with the Father, which means that, in the Father and with the Father the Son is one and the same God. The Word was made Flesh and dwelt among us.The Son is consubstantial with the Father, which means that, in the Father and with the Father the Son is one and the same God. The Word was made Flesh and dwelt among us.
MarriageThe Holy union of a man and woman. What God has bound together, no person can separate.The Holy union of a man and woman. What God has bound together, no person can separate. Divorce permitted in cases of adultery or abandonment.
Status of womenVariable but treated with respect. Women are not allowed to be priests. However, they can become nuns.Variable but treated with respect. Usually, women are not allowed to be part of the clergy, but are permitted to teach or work in other areas.
Status of AdamSin came into the world, through Adam.Sin came into the world, through Adam.
Geographical predominanceItaly, Philippines, Latin America, France, Spain, Mexico, Poland, IrelandNorth America and Europe
Ressurection of JesusAffirmedAffirmed
Time of originc. 315ADc. 33 AD, but believe it eventually became corrupt. Split off in an attempt to return to church’s origins approx. 1517 – 1534 A.D.
SaviorJesus ChristJesus Christ
ProphetBelieve in all prophets of the Books from the Holy Bible.Believe in all prophets of the Books from the Holy Bible, and that Muhammad is a false prophet.
Confessing sinsTo God through priestsTo God through Jesus
View of other Abrahamic religionsAccording to Catholic doctrine, Catholicism is the original Christian Church. Christianity is the true religion. Judaism is a true religion, but they do not believe Jesus is the Messiah. Islam is a false religion, pagan religions are also false.Judaism is a true religion, but they do not believe Jesus is the Messiah. Islam is a false religion. Pagan religions are also false.
MaryMary is considered favored among women, and was chosen by God to be the mother of Jesus through a virgin birth. Thus, she is considered holy, and may be prayed to as an intercessor to God.Mary is considered favored among women, and was chosen by God to be the mother of Jesus through a virgin birth, but is otherwise simply a human with no other special attributes.
PurgatoryA place of cleansing and preparation for heaven. Also a place where the punishment due to unremitted venial sins may be expiated.Does not exist
Human NatureHumans are free to devote themselves to knowledge and communion in the image of God. “original sin” inherited from Adam – tendency towards evil (Infants must be baptized)“original sin” inherited from Adam, tendency towards evil, but the sins of the father do not pass through the son, therefore Children are holy, and until they reach the age where they can know good from evil, their sins are not held against them.
Original Language(s)Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek, and LatinHebrew, Greek, and German
Means of salvationReceived at baptism; may be lost by mortal sin; regained by faith and penance. You must believe Jesus is the only son of God, confess your sins, must have a relationship with Jesus.Faith in Jesus Christ as having already paid the penalty for your sins.
Holy daysChristmas, Lent, Easter, Pentecost, Saints’ Feast Days.Christmas and Easter
Population1.2 billion590 million
God’s role in salvationChrist can save people and can help in salvation.Various forms of grace and free will. In one extreme, God predestines who will be saved and there is no free will. In the other extreme it is entirely the free will of man. Most protestants are somewhere in between.
JesusThe Son is consubstantial with the Father, which means that, in the Father and with the Father the Son is one and the same God. The Word was made Flesh and dwelt among us.The Son is consubstantial with the Father, which means that, in the Father and with the Father the Son is one and the same God. The Word was made Flesh and dwelt among us.
Type of WorshipPrayer, Praise, Singing, Scripture Reading, and Adoring EucharistPrayer, Praise, Singing, Scripture Reading, and Teaching of the Reading
Geographical distribution and predominanceFrance, Italy, Spain, Latin America, USANorth America, Europe
Praying to Saints, Mary, and AngelOnly for their intercession or help, at end of each prayer you must say “but only God’s will be done”.Saints are anyone that believes, and Mary is only a human. The only intercessor between God and man is Jesus, not saints, Mary, or angels.
Significance of Eucharist / CommunionCommonly termed the ‘Mystic Supper’ or ‘Divine Liturgy’ – This makes present Christ’s sacrifice and therefore forgiveness of sins is obtained through it. It is also an encounter with the Risen Christ.Important as a symbolic remembrance of Christ’s death.
SaintsA special group of holy people, who are venerated. They may act as intercessors between God and Man and may be invoked in prayer.Anyone who believes in Jesus as savior is a saint.
Goal of religionPeace, Love and willful submission to God.A relationship with Jesus
Offshoot religionsEastern Orthodox and Protestant sects of Christianity.Thousands of denominations.
LegislationPrerogative of the Church, which follows the Holy Spirit and the Word of God as best it can.The Bible alone
Religious LawThe Bible and Catechisms, which may be added to or amended by The Pope.The Bible alone. Each person must verify all teachings through the Bible.
Presence of Christ in Eucharist / CommunionDuring the Eucharist, the Priest calls down the Holy Spirit upon the gifts (the bread and the wine). They then change into the actual body and blood of Christ. The precise way in which this happens is a divine mystery.Christ is present in spirit, but the bread and wine are merely symbolic of his death, and of the believer’s commitment to him.
BeliefCatholics believe that salvation to eternal life is God’s will for all people. You must believe Jesus was the son of God, receive Baptism, confess your sins, and take part in Holy Mass to obtain this.Protestants believe that salvation to eternal life is God’s will for all people. You must believe Jesus was the son of God and that he has already paid the penalty for your sins to receive this.
View of Animistic religionsPaganPagan
View of Oriental religionsPaganPagan
View of other Dharmic religionsPaganPagan
AngelsAngels are unseen creations of God, created from light. Satan is a fallen angel who rejected God.Angels are unseen creations of God, created from light. Satan is a fallen angel who rejected God.
Religion which atheists may still be adherents ofNo. Faith in God plays a very important role in Christianity.No. Faith in God plays a very important role in Christianity.
View of ProtestantismProtestant denominations cannot be considered “churches”; they don’t believe in the true Eucharist. They can’t have true priests or bishops because a priest is only valid based on ordination from a valid bishop according to the Apostolic Lineage.Protestantism is way church was originally established. Catholicism corrupt with establishment of Papal Infallibility. God reveals self through scripture and prayer, not tradition.
Views on other religionsThe Catholic Church is the only true religion. All others are false.Believing that Jesus Christ died for your sins, and that by believing in him you are saved by faith, not works, is the core principal. Any religion confirming this is a true religion; any religion denying it is a false religion.

Difference Between Catholic and Christian

To give you a quick overview of a complicated subject, here’s what happened: Several hundred years before the birth of Christ, Babylonian conquerors forced the Jews to leave Jerusalem.  Away from their Temple and, often, from their priests, the exiled people forgot how to read, write, and speak Hebrew.  After a while, Jewish scholars wanted to make the Bible accessible again, so they translated Hebrew scriptures into the Greek language commonly spoken.  Books of wisdom and histories about the period were added, too, eventually becoming so well known that Jesus and the earliest Christian writers were familiar with them.  Like the original Hebrew scriptures, the Greek texts, which were known as the Septuagint, were not in a codex or book form as we’re accustomed to now but were handwritten on leather or parchment scrolls and rolled up for ease in storage.

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