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The Meaning Of Exodus In The Bible

The Biblical book of Exodus describes the departure of the Israelites from Egypt, so it’s no surprise that the word has come to refer more generally to any mass departure.

Exodus. / (ˈɛksədəs) / noun. the Exodus the departure of the Israelites from Egypt led by Moses. the second book of the Old Testament, recounting the events connected with this and the divine visitation of Moses at Mount Sinai. The word means “exit” or “departure” (see Lk 9:31; Heb 11:22). The name was retained by the Latin Vulgate, by the Jewish author Philo (a contemporary of Christ) and by the Syriac version. In Hebrew, the book is named after its first two words, we’elleh shemoth (“These are the names of”).

The Meaning Of Exodus In The Bible

Exodus is the title of the second book of the Bible’s Old Testament in which the Israelites escape slavery in Egypt, but the term can refer to any sudden departure of a group of people. The Book of Exodus is one of the most important and influential books in the Bible. It tells the story of how God delivered the Israelites from slavery in Egypt and brought them to the Promised Land. It also reveals God’s character, His covenant, His law, and His presence among His people.

The English name of the book derives from the Septuagint (Greek) use of “exodus” to designate the deliverance of the Israelites from Egyptian bondage and their safe passage through the Sea of Reeds (traditionally mislocated as the Red Sea). The Hebrew title of the work is Shemot (Names).

But what does the word “Exodus” mean? What are the main lessons that we can learn from this book? And how does it relate to our spiritual journey today?

In this blogpost, we will explore these questions and more. We will look at the Hebrew meaning of Exodus, the main themes and messages of the book, and the spiritual significance of Exodus for us as Christians.

Exodus Themes

  • God’s Identity and Power. …
  • Redemption and Deliverance. …
  • The Covenant. …
  • Mediators and the Priesthood.

Exodus Meaning in Hebrew

The word “Exodus” comes from the Greek word “exodos”, which means “departure” or “going out”. This word reflects the main event of the book, which is the departure of the Israelites from Egypt under the leadership of Moses.

However, in Hebrew, the book is called “Shemot”, which means “names”. This word comes from the first verse of the book, which says: “These are the names of the sons of Israel who went to Egypt with Jacob, each with his family”. (Exodus 1:1)

Why is the book called “names” in Hebrew? Because names are important in the Bible. They reveal the identity, character, and destiny of a person or a people. They also show God’s intimate knowledge and care for His people.

The book of Exodus tells us how God knew the names of His people who were suffering in Egypt. He heard their cry and remembered His covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. He raised up Moses to be their deliverer and gave him a new name: “I AM WHO I AM”. (Exodus 3:14)

The book of Exodus also tells us how God gave His people a new name: “Israel”. This name means “he struggles with God” or “God prevails” It reflects their history of wrestling with God and His will, but also His grace and power over them.

The book of Exodus also tells us how God revealed His name to His people: “Yahweh”. This name means “He is” or “He causes to be”. It expresses His eternal existence, His sovereignty, and His faithfulness.

The name of Exodus in Hebrew reminds us that God knows us by name, that He calls us by name, and that He reveals His name to us. He invites us into a personal relationship with Him, based on His covenant love and grace.

What Does the Book of Exodus Teach Us

There are many things and situations where people make an exodus. We can learn from the book Exodus that the Israelites continued to cry out to God until He delivered them. We can cry out to God, and He will hear us. The Bible says God is near the brokenhearted (Psalms 34:18).

We also can learn that sometimes we will wander in the wilderness until we get our acts together. God delivered Israel, but many things had to be worked out of them. Understand they had been among people with idol gods. Israel remained in the wilderness for forty years. Some people did not enter the promised land that God had promised to give them because of their disobedience.

Some died on the spot for murmuring and complaining about Moses (Numbers 16:33). That is a topic for another article. We can be disgruntled about what is happening with our pastor or whoever our leader is. We must start by praying for them, seeking what God will do. Most importantly, we must get in the Word of God and ask for God’s help. We must remember that those who teach and lead are held to higher accountability (James 3:1).

The book of Exodus teaches us many things about God and His people. Here are some of the main themes and messages that we can learn from this book:

  • God is the Savior and Redeemer of His people. The book of Exodus shows us how God rescued His people from slavery in Egypt by performing mighty signs and wonders. He parted the Red Sea, defeated Pharaoh and his army, provided manna and water in the wilderness, and protected them from their enemies. He demonstrated His power, justice, mercy, and glory. He fulfilled His promise to Abraham to make his descendants a great nation and to give them the land of Canaan. (Genesis 12:1-3; 15:13-21)
  • God is the King and Lawgiver of His people. The book of Exodus shows us how God established His covenant with His people at Mount Sinai. He gave them the Ten Commandments and other laws to guide them in their relationship with Him and with each other. He also gave them instructions for building the Tabernacle, where He would dwell among them. He made them a kingdom of priests and a holy nation. (Exodus 19:3-6; 20:1-17; 25:8-9)
  • God is the Friend and Companion of His people. The book of Exodus shows us how God communicated with His people through Moses and Aaron. He spoke to them face to face, as a man speaks to his friend. (Exodus 33:11) He listened to their complaints, their requests, and their praises. He responded to their needs, their fears, and their sins. He also showed them His glory, His presence, and His forgiveness. He led them by a pillar of cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night. (Exodus 13:21-22; 34:5-7; 40:34-38)

The book of Exodus teaches us that God is our Savior, our King, and our Friend. He delivers us from bondage, He guides us in righteousness, and He walks with us in fellowship.

What Does Exodus Mean Spiritually

Spiritually, Exodus represents our journey from sin to salvation, from death to life, from darkness to light. It symbolizes how God saves us from the slavery of sin and the wrath of Satan, and brings us to the freedom of His grace and the glory of His kingdom.

The book of Exodus points us to Jesus Christ, who is the fulfillment and the reality of all that Exodus foreshadows. Jesus is the true and greater Moses, who was sent by God to deliver His people from their spiritual Egypt. He is the true and greater Passover Lamb, who was sacrificed to atone for our sins and to protect us from God’s judgment. He is the true and greater Manna, who came down from heaven to feed us with His word and His body. He is the true and greater Rock, who was struck for our sake and gave us living water. He is the true and greater Tabernacle, who dwelt among us and revealed God’s glory. He is the true and greater Lawgiver, who fulfilled the law and gave us a new commandment of love. He is the true and greater Friend, who speaks to us and listens to us, who leads us and guides us, who loves us and dies for us.

The book of Exodus invites us to follow Jesus, who is the way, the truth, and the life. He is our Exodus, our departure from sin and death, and our entrance into grace and life.


The book of Exodus is a powerful and inspiring story that reveals God’s character, His covenant, His law, and His presence. It also points us to Jesus Christ, who is our Savior, our King, and our Friend. It teaches us to trust God, to obey God, and to love God.

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