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Joel in the bible

The book of Joel is a prophetic book that depicts the experiences of Israel in the land of Canaan, and their relationship with God. It describes the destruction and restoration of Israel, as well as the coming judgment and blessings promised by God to his people.

Joel is one of the twelve Minor Prophets in the Tanakh, or Hebrew Bible. It is the first book of the minor prophets, with a total of twelve chapters. It is named for its author, Joel (or Yoel) the son of Pethuel (1:1).

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The book’s theme is God’s call to his people to turn from their sins and return to him. The prophet Joel addresses the issue of locusts, or swarms of grasshoppers, that destroy crops (1:1-2), but also calls on his fellow Israelites to repent because they have ignored God’s commands (3:9). Joel emphasizes that right behavior will bring blessing, while immoral behavior brings punishment; this idea continues throughout the book and even into chapter 3 where he mentions people being drunk or sleeping around with other people’s spouses as things that will not go unnoticed by God (3:16-17).

In the book of Joel, we see a prophet who is called to speak out against injustice and oppression. The people of Israel had been conquered by foreign powers and were being oppressed by them. This is something that would be familiar to many peoples today, who are suffering under the yoke of colonialism. It’s easy to identify with the people of Israel in this situation: they’re facing oppression at the hands of those who have taken away their land, caused them to suffer famine, and are oppressing them in other ways as well.

The prophet Joel calls for God’s mercy on the people of Israel, but he also calls for them to repent and make amends for their sins. He says that if they do so, God will restore their land and stop punishing them with famine.

Joel’s prophecy has two parts: one is about what will happen if Israel repents (the restoration of their land), while the other part contains warnings that if they do not repent then God will punish them further (with more famine).

Joel is a book of the Bible. It was written by Joel, a prophet. The exact time period for when this book was written is unknown, but it is generally thought to have been written sometime between 900 BC and 500 BC.

The book of Joel covers many topics such as:

  • God’s love for all people (1:2)
  • The destruction of nations (2:2)
  • The restoration of Israel (2:21)

Joel is a book in the Old Testament of the Bible. It was written by Joel, who was a prophet during the reign of King Josiah (r. 640-609 BCE). The book contains a series of oracles, which are speeches that contain messages from God.

The book begins with an introduction to the nation of Israel and their relationship with God. Joel then describes how God’s judgment has fallen upon them because they have turned away from Him and worshiped false gods instead. In addition to this, he also warns them that if they do not repent, then God will bring even more severe judgments on them.

Joel a Prophet in the Bible

Joel was a prophet of ancient Israel, the second of the twelve minor
prophets and according to the book itself the author of the Book of
Joel. He is mentioned by name only once in the Hebrew Bible, in the
introduction to that book, as the son of Pethuel (Joel 1:1). The name Joel
combines the covenant name of God, YHWH (or Yahweh), and El
(god), and has been translated as “one to whom YHWH is
God,” that is, a worshiper of YHWH.

Some commentators suggest that Joel lived in the 9th century BC whereas
others assign him to the 5th or 4th century BC. The dating
of his book is similarly debated; there are no mentions of kings that might
help locate it in time. The book’s mention of Greeks[Joel 3:6] has
not given scholars any help in dating the text since the Greeks were known to
have had access to Judah from Mycenaean times ( 1600–1100
BC). However, the book’s mention of Judah’s
suffering [Joel 3:19] and to the standing temple[Joel
1:14]
 have led some scholars to place the date of the book in the
post-exilic period, after the construction of the Second Temple. Joel was originally from Judah/Judea, and, judging from its prominence in his prophecy, was quite possibly a prophet associated with the ritual of either Solomon’s or the Second temple, depending on the
date when he lived.

According to a long-standing tradition, Joel was buried in Gush Halav.

Contents In Christianity

On the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar, his feast day is October 19 

In the Roman Martyrology, the prophet is commemorated on July 13.

He is commemorated with the other Minor prophets in the Calendar
of saints of the Armenian Apostolic Church on July 31.

Joel’s statement that “I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and
your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams,
your young men shall see visions” was applied by St Peter in his
sermon at Pentecost to the events of that day.[Acts 2:16-21] Since
then, other religious figures have interpreted the words as having special
significance for their own time.

According to the Eastern Orthodox Christian hymns, the ancient
hymnographer Anatolius links Joel’s prophecy to the birth of Christ.
In Joel 2:30, he says that the blood refers to the Incarnation of Jesus Christ,
the fire to the Divinity of Christ, and the pillars of smoke to the Holy
Spirit.

Why Was Joel Called to Minister to Judah

By the time Joel was called to minister to Judah, the Southern Kingdom had been in a state of disarray and decline for years, both economically and spiritually.

Rival nations and city states such as Tyre, Sidon, and Philistia had made frequent incursions into Israel, and a recent locust plague and drought had devastated Judah’s economy (Joel 1:4). Needless to say, Judah was weak from the inside out. It was a time of national mourning, where, as Joel writes, “all the trees of the field dry up. Indeed, rejoicing dries up from the sons of men” (Joel 1:12).

Like many biblical prophets, Joel was sent by God to get the people’s attention in a time of depression and decline. However, unlike many prophets, Joel does not address specific sin or idolatry on the part of the Judah. Rather, he uses the recent calamity of the locust plague to teach a prophetic lesson.

What was that lesson?

Speaking to the elders of Judah, Joel calls all members of society to take seriously the current locust plague. Why? Because as bad as this calamity was, it was nothing in comparison to what was to come from God if the people did not repent and turn back to Him.

Throughout the book of Joel, the theme of disaster is prevalent, if not dominant.

Looking back at the economic hardship brought on by the locust plague was intended to encourage the people to look forward to the great and terrible Day of the Lord, a phrase mentioned nineteen times by eight different Old Testament prophets, including Isaiah, Ezekiel, Amos, Obadiah, Zephaniah, Zechariah, Malachi, and Joel.

 

 

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