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Baal Peor In The Bible

Baal Peor in the Bible: A Tale of Temptation and Divine Wrath

The story of Baal Peor is a fascinating yet cautionary tale found in the Bible, specifically in the Book of Numbers. It highlights a moment in Israel’s history when they succumbed to the temptation of idolatry, leading to divine wrath and severe consequences. In this blog post, we will explore the narrative of Baal Peor and the valuable lessons it imparts.

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1. Baal Peor: Unveiling the Meaning:

  • Baal Peor: The term “Baal Peor” refers to a local deity worshiped by the Moabites in the region. “Baal” signifies a deity or lord, while “Peor” likely refers to the mountain or location associated with the worship of this deity.

2. The Israelite Temptation:

  • Context: The events of Baal Peor transpire during the Israelites’ wilderness journey, as they encamp on the plains of Moab, near the Jordan River, preparing to enter the Promised Land.
  • Temptation: Moabite women invited the Israelite men to join in the sacrifices and feasts dedicated to Baal Peor. Many Israelites were enticed by these foreign practices and indulged in idolatrous rituals.

3. Divine Wrath and Punishment:

  • God’s Response: God was deeply angered by the Israelites’ betrayal and idolatry. In response, He sent a severe plague, which resulted in the deaths of thousands.
  • Phinehas’ Zealous Act: One of the most notable aspects of the Baal Peor narrative is the zealous response of Phinehas, the son of Eleazar. Witnessing an Israelite man bringing a Midianite woman into the camp, Phinehas took swift action and killed them both with a spear. This act of zealousness turned away God’s anger and stopped the plague.

4. Lessons from Baal Peor:

The story of Baal Peor offers several valuable lessons:

  • The allure of idolatry and the dangers of compromising one’s faith.
  • The importance of zeal and righteousness in defending one’s faith.
  • God’s expectation of unwavering devotion and obedience.

5. A Reminder of Faithfulness:

The narrative of Baal Peor serves as a potent reminder of the ongoing struggle between faithfulness and temptation. It underscores the need for unwavering loyalty to God and the consequences of straying from His path.

Moabites were known to venerate a local divinity known as Baal Peor, sometimes known as the Baal of Peor. Some of the Israelites who were traveling with Moses to the Promised Land gave in to their tendency toward idolatry and began worshiping Baal Peor while they were at the area of Peor. The men of Israel were held accountable for their wickedness by God, who then passed judgment on them.

The events that led to the founding of Baal Peor began when Balaak, king of the Moabites, commissioned a prophet named Balaam to invoke a curse against Israel. After seeing the growth and might of Israel, Balaak decided to take action in the hopes of putting a halt to their expansion. Balaam collected the money, but the Lord did not grant him permission to curse Israel, thus he was unable to carry out his original plan. After that, Balaam had a meeting with the king of Moab and pretended to receive a message from God; nevertheless, each time (a total of seven times), he ended up praising Israel rather than cursing them (Numbers 23–24). When the third oracle was given, Balaam and Balak were watching the Israelite camp from a location known as Peor (Numbers 23:28). After the seventh attempt, Balaak finally received the word that Balaam would not curse Israel on his behalf. This caused Balaak to be relieved.

Numbers 25 tells us that the women of Midian started to tempt the males of Israel to commit sexual transgression and to offer sacrifices to their gods once they had begun to be seduced by them. Paganism often entailed sexual actions as part of their “worship” since the gods they prayed to were associated with fertility. The account of the event may be found in Numbers 25:1–3: “While Israel was living in Shittim, the men started engaging in sexual immorality with Midianite women, who invited them to the sacrifices to their gods. ” “While Israel was residing in Shittim, the males began to engage in sexual immorality with Midianite women. The people ate the food that was offered as a sacrifice, and then they bowed down before the gods. Therefore, Israel joined their fortunes to those of the Baal of Peor. And the Lord’s wrath was aroused against those people. As a form of punishment for the sins committed by the Israelites (verse 9), God sent a plague upon the population.

Numbers 31:16 indicates that Balaam was the one who encouraged the ladies to act in this manner. It would seem that in light of the fact that he was unable to condemn Israel, he devised an other strategy to accomplish the goals set out by Balaak, who was paying him. Balaam was well aware that the Israelite men would be cursed by God himself if they were able to be led astray and worship pagan deities.

The term “opening” is the only meaning of the Hebrew word “peor,” which is the name of the location (a mountain or a position on a mountain) from where Balaak and Balaam saw the camp of Israel. It is possible that the meaning of the term plays no important role in the name of the location at all. (Perhaps the location was originally known as Peor because of an entrance to a cave or a mountain pass; alternatively, the name might have been derived from another factor.)

The basic meaning of the term baal is “lord,” “master,” or “ruler.” A technical or semi-technical designation for the gods of the Canaanites was eventually derived from the name Baal. There was not simply one deity with the name Baal; rather, there were numerous gods with the name Baal (many “lords” in Canaanite religion). This is the reason why the word “Baal Peor” is not used as if it were a legitimate name for a deity in Numbers 25:3 of the New International Version. Instead, the phrase is used more as a description: “the Baal of Peor,” which may also be rendered as “the Lord of Peor” or “Lord of the Opening.” Peor may be a reference to the mountain top from where Balaam and Balaak saw Israel, or it may have something to do with the literal meaning of the word peor, which is “opening.” However, in the context of Canaanite worship (and the setting of Numbers 25), the term peor may have a sexual or scatological connotation. It’s possible that the name “Peor” was given to the summit of the mountain since it was the location of the sexual rites.

In any event, Baal Peor is really the Baal of Peor or simply the Lord of Peor, which is what differentiates this particular Baal from all of the others. In the book of Numbers, chapter 25, verse 5, there is another mention to this specific deity. The next verse, Numbers 25:18, refers to “the incident at Peor,” which makes it appear as if the term “Peor” is being used as a geographical name rather than for anything that is based on the meaning of the word.

In Deuteronomy 4:3, the word Baal Peor is used as a location name to allude to the event that is described in Numbers 25, and in the same verse it is used as a designation for the deity of the pagan people. “You saw the work that the LORD accomplished at Baal Peor with your own eyes. Everyone who followed Baal of Peor was wiped out by the LORD your God from among you. In Joshua 22:17, Peor is referred to as the “sin of Peor,” and in Hosea 9:10, Baal Peor is used to refer to the location of the event: “When they came to Baal Peor, they consecrated themselves to that shameful idol, and they became as vile as the thing they loved.” A further reference to the Baal of Peor may be found in Psalm 106:28, which states, “They yoked themselves to the Baal of Peor and ate sacrifices offered to lifeless gods.”

Therefore, it would seem that the names Peor and Baal Peor are both employed as place names to allude to the location where Israel committed sins related to sexual immorality as well as worship of a specific Baal. Baal Peor is the name given to the Baal that is the subject of this discussion. Either he was already known by this name because he was considered to be in control of this specific place, or the Israelites may have given him this name after the event to reflect their perception of him at that time.

In any event, the episode that took place at Baal Peor stands out as the first of many occasions that Israel lapsed into immorality and idolatry. It also serves as a lesson for Christians to learn from. Due to the fact that the city of Corinth was riddled with idolatry and sexual immorality, the people of Corinth would have been especially prone to falling prey to this sort of temptation. The issue of whether or not to consume food while in the presence of idols was discussed among the congregants. Paul makes a reference to the event in 1 Corinthians 10:8, even though he does not specifically identify Baal Peor by name: We should not engage in sexually immoral behavior as some of them did; as a result, twenty-three thousand of them perished in a single day. Paul continues by saying, “These things happened to them as examples and were written down as warnings for us, on whom the culmination of the ages has come.” This may be found in verses 11–14 of the passage. Be cautious not to topple over even if you believe you have a strong grasp on where you are standing. You have not fallen prey to any temptation other than those that are typical of people in general. And God is reliable; he will not subject you to a test that is too difficult for you to withstand. However, when you are put in a position where you are tempted, he will also provide a way for you to escape it so that you may remain strong. Therefore, those of you who are close to me, get away from idolatry.

Since Israel fell into sin at Baal Peor, many things have changed; nonetheless, the fundamental temptations remain the same. In contemporary society, the temptation to engage in sexual misconduct is ever-present, and many people also allow the idols of wealth, pleasure, celebrity, and “the good life” to compete with the One True God for their devotion and devotion in their hearts. Even in this day and age, Christians need to be on the lookout for the sin of Baal Peor.

Baal-Peor Bible Verses


What does the Bible say about Baal-Peor? Here are 6 verses related to Baal-Peor. Use this table of contents to go to any section:

An Idol of Moab

NUMBERS 25:3,5

  • 3 And Israel joined himself unto Baal-peor: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel.Numbers 25:3 Meaning
  • 4 And the LORD said unto Moses, Take all the heads of the people, and hang them up before the LORD against the sun, that the fierce anger of the LORD may be turned away from Israel.Numbers 25:4 Meaning
  • 5 And Moses said unto the judges of Israel, Slay ye every one his men that were joined unto Baal-peor.Numbers 25:5 Meaning

DEUTERONOMY 4:3In the BibleVerse Meaning

  • 3 Your eyes have seen what the LORD did because of Baal-peor: for all the men that followed Baal-peor, the LORD thy God hath destroyed them from among you.

PSALM 106:28In the BibleVerse Meaning

  • 28 They joined themselves also unto Baal-peor, and ate the sacrifices of the dead.

HOSEA 9:10In the BibleVerse Meaning

  • 10 I found Israel like grapes in the wilderness; I saw your fathers as the firstripe in the fig tree at her first time: but they went to Baal-peor, and separated themselves unto that shame; and their abominations were according as they loved.


Boyd’s Bible Dictionary:

(lord of the opening). The form of Baal worship in Peor (Num. 25:3-5,18). Israelites shared in it (Deut. 4:3Josh. 22:17Psa. 106:28Hos. 9:10).

Concise Bible Dictionary:

It was to Peor that Balaam was called to curse Israel, and where the people were ensnared to sacrifice to the gods of Moab, to eat of things sacrificed to their idols, and commit fornication. Thus Israel joined himself unto Baal-peor—had full fellowship with its demon worship and its attendant uncleanness (Num. 23:28; Num. 25: 1-5,18; Deut. 4:3Psa. 106:28Hos. 9:10: Compare 1 Cor. 10:8Rev. 2:14).

Jackson’s Dictionary of Scripture Proper Names:

lord of the opening

Potts’ Bible Proper Names:

The lord of the opening, or gap:―a Moabitish deity, Num. 25:3. {Dominus aperturae}

From Manners and Customs of the Bible:

Numbers 25:3Israel joined himself unto Baalpeor.

The worship of this special form of Baal is generally supposed to have been accompanied with obscene rites. This seems to be indicated in this chapter. Some consider Baal-peor to be the same as Chemosh.


The story of Baal Peor in the Bible is a compelling account of temptation, divine wrath, and the zeal of a faithful servant. It reminds us of the eternal battle between faith and temptation, and the importance of remaining steadfast in our commitment to God. The lessons learned from Baal Peor continue to resonate through the ages, offering guidance in our own spiritual journeys.

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