The survey of the New Testament is a detailed and thorough analysis of the books of the New Testament in the order that they are commonly arranged. It opens with an easily understood discussion of the documents: their genealogy, history, and development, and then proceeds to an exposition on each book chapter by chapter.
I’m going to start by saying that the survey of the new testament I have just completed has been truly enjoyable and interesting. Studying this chapter in the bible is a dream come true, especially when your teacher has been Professor Bowers. He’s well acquainted with ancient greek history and it comes as no surprise that his teachings are both unique and significant. This survey is different from all other surveys we’ve completed this semester because it’s actually about our coursework, which isn’t necessarily a bad thing. It’s great because chapter 12 is on sacrifices, but chapter 2 is on the religious state of ancient greece, etc.
A Survey Of The New Testament 5th Edition Pdf
What is the New Testament?
The New Testament is a collection of 27 books written by various authors between the years A.D. 50-70. It is the second part of the Christian Bible, following the Old Testament and preceding the Apocrypha. The New Testament documents many of Jesus’ teachings, as well as key events in his life, such as his birth and death.
Who wrote it?
The New Testament was written by a variety of people—including Paul, Luke, John and Peter—but most importantly by Jesus himself (in the form of letters). In addition to these writers, who were contemporaries of Jesus’ life on earth, some other people also contributed: for example, Mark and Matthew were disciples who wrote about their experiences with him; John had been one of Jesus’ closest followers before he died; and Luke was a physician who worked alongside Paul during their travels together through Europe and Asia Minor (modern Turkey).
The New Testament is the second part of the Christian Bible. It contains seven letters, twenty-one epistles, and 27 books. The New Testament was written by between 50 and 100 AD, with most scholars agreeing on the dates between 60 and 90 AD. The books were written in Greek, but there are also versions in Aramaic and Hebrew that have been found.
The authors were followers of Jesus Christ who were writing about their experiences with him. They wanted to share what he taught as well as how his teachings changed them personally.
The New Testament is a collection of 27 books that make up the complete Christian Bible. The New Testament was written between 50 and 90 AD, and it details the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
The New Testament is broken down into four parts: Gospels, Acts of the Apostles, Letters, and Revelation. The Gospels are the first four books in the New Testament: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. These books tell the story of Jesus’ life on earth from his birth to his death and resurrection. In addition to these four gospels, there are also three other books that discuss some aspects of Jesus’ life: 1 Peter, 2 Peter, and Jude.
Next come two more books called “Acts” which were written by Luke but told about Peter traveling around preaching about Jesus after he died on the cross (these two books are Acts 1-12). Then comes a series of letters written by Paul while he was in prison (Ephesians through Philemon). Lastly there is Revelation which is about what will happen at the end times when Jesus comes back for us!
The New Testament is the second part of the Christian Bible, which contains seven additional books as compared to the Old Testament. The New Testament was written by a number of apostles and disciples of Jesus Christ, who wrote letters to various groups and communities in order to spread their beliefs.
The first book in the New Testament is called “The Gospel According to Mark.” It was written by an unknown author and focuses on Jesus’ early life during his ministry in Galilee. In this gospel, we learn about Jesus’ miracles, teachings, passion, death and resurrection.
The second gospel is The Gospel According to Matthew. This gospel was also written anonymously but it is believed that its author may have been Levi or Tadeusz Levi. This gospel also focuses on Jesus’ early life during his ministry in Galilee but also includes some information about his teachings that were not included in Mark’s Gospel (such as the Sermon on the Mount).
The third gospel is The Gospel According to Luke. It was written by Luke (who may have been Paul’s physician) and focuses primarily on Jesus’ birth and childhood including stories about John the Baptist’s birth and childhood
- What is the main purpose of the New Testament?
The main purpose of the New Testament is to reveal God’s plan for us and to reveal how we can live out that plan.
- What are some examples of Old Testament prophecies that are fulfilled in the New Testament?
Some examples include: David’s throne being established forever (1 Kings 2:4), the Messiah being born in Bethlehem (Micah 5:2), and John the Baptist fulfilling Isaiah 40:3-5 (John 1:23-27).
- Who were Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John? Why do we have four gospels instead of just one?
Matthew was one of Jesus’ disciples; Mark wrote down what he heard from Peter; Luke was a traveling companion of Paul; and John wrote his gospel at an old age after being exiled on Patmos Island. The reason there are four gospels instead of just one is because each one offers a different perspective on Jesus Christ—a man who was alive during his lifetime but now lives forever.
Who Wrote The Bible
Moses was the first person to write portions of Scripture while John, the disciple of Jesus, was the last. Other famous people who wrote the Bible include: Daniel, Peter, Paul, Jonah, Isaiah, Solomon and David.
Diversity of Bible writers
Those who wrote the Bible lived at different times, some separated by hundreds of years. In many cases they were complete strangers to one another. Some Bible writers were businessmen or traders; others were shepherds, fishermen, soldiers, physicians, preachers, kings—human beings from all walks of life. They served under different governments and lived within contrasting cultures and systems of philosophy.
All 66 books of the Bible agree
But here is the wonder of it all: When the 66 books of the Bible with their 1,189 chapters made up of 31,173 verses are brought together (KJV), we find perfect harmony in the message they convey. As the great scholar F. F. Bruce noted: “The Bible is not simply an anthology; there is a unity which binds the whole together.”
The Bible writers gave God’s messages by voice and pen while they lived, and when they died, their writings lived after them. These prophetic messages were then gathered together, under God’s leading, in the book we call the Bible.
Who wrote the Bible: God or man?
The Scripture says in 2 Peter 1:20-21, “Knowing this first, that no prophecy of Scripture is of any private interpretation, for prophecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.”
The Holy Spirit revealed to the prophets the messages of Scripture. The writers of the Bible wrote not according to their own will or whim, but only as they were moved, or controlled, by the Spirit of God. The Bible is God’s own book!
2 Timothy 3:16-17 says, “All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the man of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work.” The Holy Bible affects human beings so profoundly, because “all” the Bible is “God-breathed.” It’s more than a nice collection of moral principles; it’s more than a great book; it’s an inspired document, God’s book. The prophets who wrote the Bible related what they saw and heard in human language, but their message came directly from God.
Alphabetical list of Old Testament authors
- Amos: The book of Amos
- Daniel: The book of Daniel
- David: Psalms (Other authors wrote portions of Psalms as well)
- Ezekiel: The book of Ezekiel
- Ezra: The book of Ezra (Additionally Ezra is thought to have written 1st and 2nd Chronicles and possibly portions of Nehemiah)
- Habakkuk: The book of Habakkuk
- Haggai: The book of Haggai
- Hosea: The book of Hosea
- Isaiah: The book of Isaiah
- Jeremiah: 1st and 2nd Kings, Lamentations, the book of Jeremiah
- Joel: The book of Joel
- Jonah: The book of Jonah
- Joshua: The book of Joshua
- Malachi: The book of Malachi
- Micah: The book of Micah
- Moses: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy (Moses possibly compiled/wrote the book of Job)
- Nahum: The book of Nahum
- Nehemiah: The book of Nehemiah
- Obadiah: The book of Obadiah
- Samuel: (Samuel is believed to have written 1st and 2nd Samuel, Ruth, and Judges)
- Solomon: Ecclesiastes, Proverbs, Song of Solomon (also known as Song of Songs)
- Zechariah: The book of Zechariah
- Zephaniah: The book of Zephaniah
Alphabetical list of New Testament authors
- James: The book of James
- John: Gospel of John, 1st John, 2nd John, 3rd John, Revelation
- Jude: Book of Jude
- Luke: Gospel of Luke, Acts of the Apostles
- Mark: Gospel of Mark
- Matthew: Gospel of Matthew
- Paul: Romans, 1st and 2nd Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1st and 2nd Thessalonians, 1st and 2nd Timothy, Titus, Philemon (possibly the book of Hebrews)
- Peter: 1st and 2nd Peter
Who Is Jesus Christ
Unlike the question “Does God exist?” the question of whether Jesus Christ existed is asked by relatively few people. Most accept that Jesus was truly a man who lived in Israel 2,000 years ago. The debate begins with the discussion of Jesus’ full identity. Almost every major religion teaches that Jesus was a prophet or a good teacher or a godly man. But the Bible tells us that Jesus was infinitely more than a prophet, a good teacher, or a godly man.
C. S. Lewis in his book Mere Christianity writes the following: “I am trying here to prevent anyone from saying the really foolish thing that people often say about Him [Jesus Christ]: ‘I’m ready to accept Jesus as a great moral teacher, but I don’t accept his claim to be God.’ That is the one thing we must not say. A man who was merely a man and said the sort of things Jesus said would not be a great moral teacher. He would either be a lunatic—on a level with a man who says he is a poached egg—or else he would be the Devil of hell. You must make your choice. Either this man was, and is, the Son of God, or else a madman or something worse. You can shut him up for a fool, you can spit at him and kill him as a demon; or you can fall at his feet and call him Lord and God. But let us not come up with any patronizing nonsense about his being a great human teacher. He has not left that option open to us. He did not intend to” (Macmillan, 1952, p. 55–56).
So, who did Jesus claim to be? Who does the Bible say He is? First, He is God in the flesh. Jesus said in John 10:30, “I and the Father are one.” At first glance, this might not seem to be a claim to be God. However, look at the Jews’ reaction to His statement. They tried to stone Him “for blasphemy, because you, a mere man, claim to be God” (John 10:33). The Jews understood Jesus’ statement as a claim to be God. In the following verses, Jesus never corrects the Jews or attempts to clarify His statement. He never says, “I did not claim to be God.” When Jesus said, “I and the Father are one” (John 10:30), He truly was claiming equality with God.
In John 8:58 Jesus claims pre-existence, an attribute of God: “‘Very truly I tell you,’ Jesus answered, ‘before Abraham was born, I am!’” In response to this statement, the Jews again took up stones to stone Jesus (John 8:59). In claiming pre-existence, Jesus applied a name for God to Himself—I AM (see Exodus 3:14). The Jews rejected Jesus’ identity as God Incarnate, but they understood exactly what He was saying.
Other biblical clues that Jesus is God in the flesh include John 1:1, which says, “The Word was God,” coupled with John 1:14, which says, “The Word became flesh.” Thomas the disciple declared to Jesus, “My Lord and my God” (John 20:28), Jesus does not correct him. The apostle Paul describes Jesus as “our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ” (Titus 2:13). The apostle Peter says the same, calling Jesus “our God and Savior” (2 Peter 1:1).
God the Father bears witness of Jesus’ identity as well: “But about the Son he says, ‘Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever; a scepter of justice will be the scepter of your kingdom.’” (Hebrews 1:8; cf. Psalm 45:6). Old Testament prophecies such as Isaiah 9:6 announce the deity of Christ: “For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace” (emphasis added).
Why is the question of Jesus’ identity so important? Why does it matter whether Jesus is God? Several reasons:
• As C. S. Lewis pointed out, if Jesus is not God, then Jesus is the worst of liars and untrustworthy in every way.
• If Jesus is not God, then the apostles would likewise have been liars.
• Jesus had to be God because the Messiah was promised to be the “Holy One” (Isaiah 49:7). Since no one on earth is righteous before God (Psalm 53:1; 143:2), God Himself had to enter the world as a human.
• If Jesus is not God, His death would have been insufficient to pay the penalty for the sins of the whole world (1 John 2:2). Only God Himself could provide an infinite, eternally valuable sacrifice (Romans 5:8; 2 Corinthians 5:21).
• God is the only Savior (Hosea 13:4; cf. 1 Timothy 2:3). If Jesus is to be the Savior, then He must be God.
Jesus had to be both God and man. As God, Jesus could satisfy God’s wrath. As a man, Jesus had the capability of dying. As the God-man, Jesus is the perfect Mediator between heaven and earth (1 Timothy 2:5). Salvation is available only through faith in Jesus Christ. As He proclaimed, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me” (John 14:6).